San Francisco Dermatology

Dermatologists located in Union Square, San Francisco, CA

Acne affects millions of Americans each year, causing unsightly and even painful pimples and bumps on the face, chest, and back. Michael J. Dans, MD, PhD and Mark Reisman, MD at San Francisco Dermatology in downtown San Francisco near Union Square, use the latest medical treatments to help patients fight acne and enjoy more beautiful skin. Book an appointment online through the patient portal, or call the office today.

Acne Q & A

What is acne?

Acne is a common skin condition that causes whiteheads, blackheads, and pimples to appear on your skin. These blemishes form when oil and skin cells block your pores, and they become inflamed and red. 

Acne can appear as small bumps or large painful cysts. It’s often found on the face, chest, shoulders, and back.

Breakouts can occur over and over again for years and even cause permanent skin scarring. With the right treatment from Dr. Dans at San Francisco Dermatology, you can reduce acne breakouts and enjoy clearer skin.

What causes acne?

As stated above, acne results when pores are blocked. You may be more likely to experience blocked pores if your skin produces a lot of oil or you’re experiencing certain hormonal changes.

Excess amounts of hormones called androgens, such as testosterone, can contribute to acne breakouts. Teenagers are more likely to have high levels of these hormones, although some health conditions, such as polycystic ovary syndrome, can also cause high levels of androgens and lead to acne. Some medicines, such as corticosteroids, can also make acne worse. 

Finally, your lifestyle may also increase your risk for breakouts. A diet heavy in refined carbohydrates may worsen acne. Stress may also contribute to acne.

How do dermatologists treat acne?

Your doctor will also likely prescribe a daily regimen of cleansers and/or lotions to clear away dead skin cells and oil. These cleansers help prevent blocked pores and breakouts. Common cleaners include:

  • Benzoyl peroxide
  • Salicylic acid

In addition, regular peels and facial treatments may improve your skin’s health.

If these conservative treatments aren’t enough, the doctors at San Francisco Dermatology may use prescription-strength solutions to fight acne. Certain antibiotics, in the form of lotions or pills, may also help keep skin clear by eliminating bacteria that cause inflammation and breakouts. If your acne is related to hormones, you may be able to take medicines such as spironolactone or birth control pills (if you are female) to reduce breakouts. 

At San Francisco Dermatology, Dr. Dans offers comprehensive acne care. Take the first step toward clear skin by booking an appointment online through the patient portal or calling the office today.